Diamond, the hardest gem of all is made of just one element: carbon. It’s valued for its colorless nature and purity. Most diamonds are primeval—over a billion years old—and form deep within the earth.
Diamond forms under high temperature and pressure conditions that exist only about 100 miles beneath the earth’s surface. Diamond’s carbon atoms are bonded in essentially the same way in all directions. Another mineral, graphite, also contains only carbon, but its formation process and crystal structure are very different. Graphite is so soft that you can write with it, while diamond is so hard that you can only scratch it with another diamond.
The round cut diamond is the most popular shape for diamond rings. It is generally superior to other fancy shapes. It represents approximately 75% of all diamonds sold.
The princess cut diamond is the second most popular fancy diamond shape especially for engagement rings. It is a square cut designed for maximum brilliance.
The emerald cut diamond is a very popular style known for its beauty and exactitude. The unique look of the emerald cut diamond is due to the step cuts of its pavilion.
The asscher cut diamond is similar to the emerald cut, but in a square shape with larger step facets and a higher crown. The stones are bright, shiny and clear.
The marquise diamond is a boat shaped brilliant stone that is considered a classic shape for diamond rings.
Oval diamond is a modified brilliant cut. It is the perfect choice for characteristics similar to the round cut diamond, but something in a shape that is more unusual.
The radiant cut diamond syndicates the more stylish square or rectangular shape with the brilliance of the more traditional round cut.
Pear shaped diamond is a combination of a round and a marquise shape, with a conical point on one end. With 58 facets, the pear diamond sparkles beautifully.
Heart shaped diamond is popular in solitaire pendants and rings. It is among the most loving diamond shapes.
The cushion diamond is an antique cut that has a classic and romantic charm. It combines a square cut with rounded corners and the most popular diamond shape.